Who has never experienced a broken heart? Left by loved ones is indeed suffocating, not infrequently we vent emotions by crying for days. It seems, the world turns gray and colorless as usual. Sob!
But, do you know? Apparently, heartbreak can be explained from a scientific point of view, you know! Want to know the explanation? Check this out!
1. Broken heart has its own scientific name!
In the medical world, heartbreak is known as stress-induced cardiomyopathy, says the Heart.org page. This syndrome can attack anyone, even if our physical condition is healthy and fit. Broken heart causes intense pain in the chest and is triggered by painful emotional experiences.
For example, the closest person who dies, divorces, breaks up, is ignored or experiences rejection. The Heart.org page mentions that women are more susceptible to this, because of the reaction of excessive stressful hormones.
2. Changes to the heart when experiencing a broken heart
Broken heart is often misdiagnosed as a heart attack, because the symptoms are similar. The test results showed that there was a dramatic change in heart rhythm and blood pressure similar to the symptoms of a heart attack, explained the Heart.org page. The difference is that a broken heart does not cause a blockage in the heart arteries.
When broken hearted, part of the heart will enlarge temporarily and not pump blood properly. Meanwhile, other parts of the heart will function normally, or even experience stronger contractions. The bad news, heartbreak can cause heart muscle failure when we drag on grief.
But, don’t worry! Broken heart can always be cured! Over time, the wounds that we suffer will recover and heal by itself.
3. Get to know these symptoms when you are broken hearted
Our body changes when it breaks heart. Common symptoms are angina (chest pain) and shortness of breath. In addition, we are also at risk for arrhythmias, where the heartbeat becomes irregular.
Cardiogenic shock can also occur. This is marked by a heart that suddenly weakens and cannot pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs, says the Heart.org page.
You must be alert, because this can be fatal if not treated immediately. Because, when a person dies of a heart attack, the cause of death is mostly due to cardiogenic shock.
4. These are the hormones that the body releases when broken hearted
When we fall in love, the brain secretes happiness hormones, like dopamine and oxytocin. However, when the heart breaks, the brain secretes different hormones, cortisol and epinephrine. What are the effects of these hormones?
Too much cortisol can cause muscles to swell, headaches, stiff neck and chest tightness, bright Hey Sigmund’s page. In addition, other problems can occur, such as abdominal cramps, diarrhea, sleep problems and loss of appetite.
5. Can a broken heart cause death?
Apparently, heartbreak is more dangerous than we thought. In fact, heartbreak can cause death! In some cases, heartbreak triggers stress and can cause physical damage to the heart, said the NBC News page. This is also known as takotsubo cardiomyophaty or broken heart syndrome.
Historically, this syndrome was first known in Japan in 1990. Cardiomyophaty makes the heart muscle weaken, but on the other hand it can cause heart swelling and stronger contraction of the heart muscle.
The real case where a broken heart can cause death is the death of Debbie Reynolds, mother of actress Carrie Fisher, who died one day after her son’s death, explained Satjit Bhusri, cardiologist from Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, on the NBC News website. Allegedly, a strong emotional bond between mother and child is a trigger of a sense of excessive loss and can have implications for death. Yep, heartbreak is not only about romance, but it can also be from losing family members.