Tartar or dental calculus is plaque that has hardened on the teeth. Plaque is formed due to food debris and dirt left in the teeth and eventually accumulate and turn into coral.
Besides being able to make teeth unsightly and reduce confidence, tartar can also be dangerous if left untreated. Some diseases can arise, such as gum inflammation that makes the gums sensitive and bleeds easily. If left unchecked, gum inflammation can spread to the alveolar bone of the tooth and cause damage. Other problems that can arise due to tartar is bad breath and cavities.
In addition to taking care of the dentist, tartar can also be overcome by doing a few simple things. Here is an easy way to overcome tartar:
1. Diligently brush your teeth
The main cause of the formation of tartar is due to dirt and remnants of food that is left to accumulate in the teeth. Therefore, the best way to avoid tartar growth is to regularly brush your teeth regularly at least twice a day. Brush your teeth for 2 minutes, to make sure the teeth have been thoroughly cleaned.
Use a toothbrush with soft bristles so as not to hurt the gums, and the size of the brush head that matches the width of the mouth so it is not difficult to reach the back of the teeth. Pay attention to the cleanliness of the toothbrush and don’t forget to replace the toothbrush every 3 months, because old toothbrushes that are not replaced can also become a den of bacteria.
2. Use toothpaste that contains fluoride
The fluoride content in toothpaste is very important because it can expel bacteria that attach to the teeth, so tartar cannot develop. Fluoride can also make tooth enamel stronger and less hollow. In addition to fluoride, toothpaste that contains antimicrobial ingredients such as zinc citrate and triclosan is also effective in helping to fight tartar.
Brushing your teeth is not enough to maintain oral and dental hygiene. Sometimes, there is still dirt in the area that cannot be reached by a toothbrush which will eventually cause bacteria to accumulate and cause the growth of tartar. To avoid this, flossing or flossing is needed.
In addition to avoiding tartar growth, diligent flossing can also prevent bad breath and cavities.
4. Use mouthwash
Mouthwash not only serves to overcome bad breath, but can also help prevent the accumulation of tartar. By using mouthwash, teeth get more protection from bacteria in the mouth. Routine use of mouthwash can also help prevent cavities, and inflammation of the gums.
5. Consumption of strawberries
This tiny red fruit has an acid content that can remove teeth and mouth from a variety of leftovers and bacteria. Vitamin C contained in it can also naturally knock down tartar. For this reason, it is recommended to regularly consume strawberries to maintain oral and dental hygiene.
6. Reduce sweet foods
Sweet foods and drinks high in sugar can make plaque produce more acid. This excessive acid production can make bacteria in the mouth more sticky and become plaques that are difficult to clean. Therefore, we must protect what we eat so that it does not become an opportunity for bacteria to multiply.