It is difficult to argue that Abraham Lincoln is the United States’ most celebrated president. His birthday even becomes a public holiday in several states. There were many things that this president achieved in his lifetime.
He took presidential position during difficult period of Civil War. Lincoln was known to be a visionary leader who came up with progressive policies related to national’s affairs. Emancipation Proclamation was one of them.
From Childhood to Teenage Years
Lincoln was born to Thomas and Nancy Lincoln on 12 February 1809. The modest family originated in Hardin, County but later relocated to Perry, Indiana due to property dispute. His mother died in 1918 because of milk sickness.
His father remarried to Sarah Bush with whom Lincoln shared close relationships. To help his family, he became involved in farming. Together with his father, he managed to grow family’s meager land.
Education and Military Service
As a child, he did not receive proper formal education due to his family’s financial state. However, he was always known for his brilliance and eagerness to learn. He continued to self-taught himself by reading various books well through his adulthood.
Abraham Lincoln volunteered as member of Illinois Militia from 21 April to 10 July 1932. He participated in Black Hawk War. Lincoln’s capability as a leader was tested during this period.
Career as Lawyer and Politician
Despite his minimal schooling, Lincoln managed a career as country lawyer. He worked within Illinois region. As a lawyer, he had handled various different cases. There were intellectual property, transportation, and even murder cases that he had handled.
In 1854, he joined Republican Party. He was very notorious for his opposition against slavery. Lincoln rose fast in his political career and became a member to United States House of Representatives.
The peak of his political career came with the election as President of United States. Despite winning the electoral college vote legally, there was murder attempt from his oppositions. He addressed the plan to emancipate slaves around United States early in his presidency.
Two major events happened during Lincoln’s presidency: Civil War and Emancipation Proclamation. He was able to lead United States during turbulent period. Lincoln was re-elected in 1864.
Lincoln’s Personal Life
Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd in November 1842. Mary came from a wealthy family who owned slaves. The couple was granted four children, three of them died when they were young. The children’s deaths deeply impacted Lincoln’s mental state and he was said to suffer from depression.
Although Lincoln was not able to attend fully to his children, he was known to be loving father. He enjoyed relatively modest life.
Assassination in 1865
Lincoln and his wife were enjoying a play at Ford’s Theater when he was shot in the head by famous stage actor, John Wilkes Booth. The incident happened at night on 14 April 1865. The president fell into comma until he died in the next morning.
His death was mourned around the world. Even then, his legacies still remain in his country. Without doubt, Abraham Lincoln really contributed to United States’ modern era.